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Chinese - English Dictionary Search Results

  
Traditional Simplified Pinyin English
五代 Wǔ dài /Five Dynasties (in different contexts, from mythology through to Han and the interregnum between Han and Tang)/the five dynasties forming the interregnum between Tang and Song (936-947), namely: Later Liang 後梁|后梁[Hou4 Liang2], Later Tang 後唐|后唐[Hou4 Tang2], Later Jin 後晉|后晋[Hou4 Jin4], Later Han 後漢|后汉[Hou4 Han4], Later Zhou 後周|后周[Hou4 Zhou1]/
令狐德棻 Líng hú Dé fēn /Linghu Defen (583-666), Tang dynasty historian, compiler of History of Zhou of the Northern dynasties 周書|周书/
先王 xiān wáng /former kings/former emperors/in Confucian writing, refers esp. to the sage rulers Yáo 堯|尧, Shùn 舜, Yǔ 禹, Tāng 湯|汤 and the kings of Zhou/
助紂為虐 助纣为虐 zhù Zhòu wéi nüè /lit. helping tyrant Zhou 商紂王|商纣王[Shang1 Zhou4 wang2] in his oppression (idiom)/fig. to take the side of the evil-doer/giving succor to the enemy/
北周 Běi Zhōu /the Northern Zhou Dynasty (557-581)/one of the Northern Dynasties/
十三經 十三经 Shí sān jīng /the Thirteen Confucian Classics, namely: Book of Songs 詩經|诗经[Shi1 jing1], Book of History 尚書|尚书[Shang4 shu1], Rites of Zhou 周禮|周礼[Zhou1 li3], Rites and Ceremonies 儀禮|仪礼[Yi2 li3], Classic of Rites 禮記|礼记[Li3 ji4], Book of Changes 易經|易经[Yi4 jing1], Mr Zuo's Annals 左傳|左传[Zuo3 Zhuan4], Mr Gongyang's Annals 公羊傳|公羊传[Gong1 yang2 Zhuan4], Mr Guliang's Annals 穀梁傳|谷梁传[Gu3 liang2 Zhuan4], The Analects 論語|论语[Lun2 yu3], Erya 爾雅|尔雅[Er3 ya3], Classic of Filial Piety 孝經|孝经[Xiao4 jing1], Mencius 孟子[Meng4 zi3]/
史籀篇 Shǐ zhòu piān /Shizhoupian, early school primer in great seal script 大篆[da4 zhuan4], attributed to King Xuan of Zhou 周宣王[Zhou1 Xuan1 wang2] but probably dating from c. 500 BC/
Zhōu /surname Zhou/Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)/
周代 Zhōu dài /Zhou dynasty (1046-221 BC)/
周作人 Zhōu Zuò rén /Zhou Zuoren (1885-1967), brother of Lu Xun 魯迅|鲁迅, academic in Japanese and Greek studies, briefly imprisoned after the war as Japanese collaborator, persecuted and died of unknown causes during the Cultural Revolution/
周傳瑛 周传瑛 Zhōu Chuán yīng /Zhou Chuanying (1912-1988), Kunqu 昆曲 opera actor/
周勃 Zhōu Bó /Zhou Bo (?-169 BC), military man and politician at the Qin-Han transition, a founding minister of Western Han/
周宣王 Zhōu Xuān wáng /King Xuan, eleventh King of Zhou, reigned (828-782 BC)/
周家 zhōu jiā /the Zhou family (household, firm etc)/Jow-Ga Kung Fu - Martial Art/
周小川 Zhōu Xiǎo chuān /Zhou Xiaochuan (1948-), PRC banker and politician, governor of People's Bank of China 中國人民銀行|中国人民银行[Zhong1 guo2 Ren2 min2 Yin2 hang2] from 2002/
周恩來 周恩来 Zhōu E1n lái /Zhou Enlai (1898-1976), Chinese communist leader, prime minister 1949-1976/
周扒皮 Zhōu bā pí /Zhou the exploiter, archetypal character in short story 半夜雞叫|半夜鸡叫[ban4 ye4 ji1 jiao4]/
周敦頤 周敦颐 Zhōu Dūn yí /Zhou Dun'yi (1017-1073), Song dynasty neo-Confucian scholar/
周文王 Zhōu Wén Wáng /King Wen of Zhou state (c. 1152-1056 BC), reigned c. 1099-1056 BC as king of Zhou state, leading figure in building the subsequent Western Zhou dynasty, father of King Wu of Zhou 周武王 the first Zhou dynasty king/
周書 周书 Zhōu shū /History of Zhou of the Northern Dynasties, twelfth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Linghu Defen 令狐德棻[Ling2 hu2 De2 fen1] in 636 during Tang Dynasty, 50 scrolls/
周朝 Zhōu cháo /Zhou Dynasty/Western Zhou 西周 (1046-771 BC) and Eastern Zhou 東周|东周 (770-221 BC)/
周樹人 周树人 Zhōu Shù rén /Zhou Shuren, the real name of author Lu Xun 魯迅|鲁迅/
周武王 Zhōu Wǔ Wáng /King Wu of Zhou (-1043), personal name Ji Fa 姬發|姬发, reigned 1046-1043 BC as first king of Western Zhou dynasty 1046-1043 BC/
周武王姬發 周武王姬发 Zhōu Wǔ wáng Jī Fā /King Wu of Zhou, personal name Ji Fa, reigned 1046-1043 BC as first king of Western Zhou dynasty 1046-1043 BC/
周永康 Zhōu Yǒng kāng /Zhou Yongkang (1942-), PRC petroleum engineer and politician/
周渝民 Zhōu Yú mín /Zhou Yumin or Vic Zhou (1981-), Taiwan singer and actor, member of pop group F4/
周濟 周济 Zhōu Jì /Zhou Ji (1781-1839), Qing writer and poet/
周王朝 Zhōu wáng cháo /the Zhou dynasty from 1027 BC/
周瑜 Zhōu Yú /Zhou Yu or Chou Yü (175-210), famous general of the southern Wu kingdom and victor of the battle of Redcliff/in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, absolutely no match for Zhuge Liang/
周瑜打黃蓋 周瑜打黄盖 Zhōu Yú dǎ Huáng Gài /fig. with the connivance of both sides/fig. by mutual consent/cf Wu patriot Huang Gai submits to mock beating at the hands of General Zhou Yu to deceive Cao Cao 曹操 before the 208 battle of Redcliff 赤壁之戰|赤壁之战[Chi4 bi4 zhi1 zhan4]/
周璇 Zhōu Xuán /Zhou Xuan (1918-1957), Chinese singer and film actress/
周瘦鵑 周瘦鹃 Zhōu Shòu juān /Zhou Shoujuan (1895-1968), writer, translator and art collector in Suzhou, a victim of the cultural revolution/
周禮 周礼 Zhōu lǐ /the Rites of Zhou (in Confucianism)/
周穆王 Zhōu Mù Wáng /King Mu, fifth king of Zhou, said to have lived to 105 and reigned 976-922 BC or 1001-947 BC, rich in associated mythology/
周立波 Zhōu Lì bō /Zhou Libo (1908-1979), left-wing journalist, translator and novelist/
周總理 周总理 Zhōu zǒng lǐ /Premier Zhou Enlai 周恩來|周恩来 (1898-1976)/
周處 周处 Zhōu Chǔ /Zhou Chu (236-297), Jin dynasty general/
和平共處五項原則 和平共处五项原则 hé píng gòng chǔ wǔ xiàng yuán zé /Zhou Enlai's Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence/1954 Panchsheel series of agreements between PRC and India/
zhǐ /8 in. length unit of Zhou dynasty/
商紂王 商纣王 Shāng Zhòu wáng /King Zhou of Shang (11th century BC), notorious as a cruel tyrant/
四個現代化 四个现代化 sì gè xiàn dài huà /Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations practiced from the 1980s (possibly planned together with Zhou Enlai), namely: modernization of industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology/abbr. to 四化/
夏商周 Xià Shāng zhōu /Xia, Shang and Zhou, the earliest named Chinese dynasties/
太極圖說 太极图说 Tài jí tú shuō /philosophical book by Song dynasty scholar Zhou Dun'yi 周敦頤|周敦颐, starting from an interpretation of the Book of Changes/
妲己 Dá jǐ /Daji (c. 11th century BC), mythical fox spirit and concubine of the last Shang Dynasty Emperor Zhou Xin 紂辛|纣辛[Zhou4 Xin1]/
/surname Ji/family name of the Zhou Dynasty 周代[Zhou1 dai4] (1046-256 BC)/
封神榜 Fēng shén Bǎng /Investiture of the Gods, major Ming dynasty vernacular novel of mythology and fantasy, very loosely based on King Wu of Zhou's 周武王[Zhou1 Wu3 Wang2] overthrow of the Shang, subsequent material for opera, film, TV series, computer games etc/
封神演義 封神演义 Fēng shén Yǎn yì /Investiture of the Gods, major Ming dynasty vernacular novel of mythology and fantasy, very loosely based on King Wu of Zhou's 周武王[Zhou1 Wu3 Wang2] overthrow of the Shang, subsequent material for opera, film, TV series, computer games etc/
/Ba state during Zhou dynasty (in east of modern Sichuan)/abbr. for east Sichuan or Chongqing/surname Ba/abbr. for Palestine or Palestinian/abbr. for Pakistan/
後周 后周 Hòu Zhōu /Later Zhou of the Five Dynasties (951-960), centered on Shandong and Hebei, with capital at Kaifeng 开封/
春秋戰國時代 春秋战国时代 Chūn qiū Zhàn guó Shí dài /the Spring and Autumn (770-476 BC) and Warring States (475-221) periods/Eastern Zhou (770-221 BC)/
Cáo /surname Cao/Zhou Dynasty vassal state/
/surname Qi/Zhou Dynasty vassal state/
杞國 杞国 Qǐ guó /the State of Qǐ in modern Qǐ county 杞縣|杞县, Henan (c. 1500-445 BC), a small vassal state of Shang and Western Zhou for most of its existence/
東周 东周 Dōng Zhōu /Eastern Zhou (770-221 BC)/
東西周 东西周 Dōng Xī Zhōu /Eastern Zhou (1046-771 BC) and Western Zhou (770-221 BC)/
武王伐紂 武王伐纣 Wǔ wáng fá Zhòu /King Wu of Zhou 周武王[Zhou1 Wu3 wang2] overthrows tyrant Zhou of Shang 商紂王|商纣王[Shang1 Zhou4 wang2]/
湯武革命 汤武革命 Tāng Wǔ Gé mìng /the Tang and Wu Revolts: the overthrow (c. 1600 BC) of the Xia Dynasty by the first king, Tang 商湯|商汤[Shang1 Tang1], of the Shang Dynasty, and the overthrow (c. 1046 BC) of the Shang Dynasty by the Zhou Dynasty founder, King Wu 周武王[Zhou1 Wu3 Wang2]/
Téng /vassal state of Zhou in Shandong/Teng county in Shandong/surname Teng/
Yān /Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning/north Hebei/the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436)/surname Yan/
燕國 燕国 Yān guó /Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning/north Hebei/the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436)/
犬戎 Quǎn róng /Quanrong, Zhou Dynasty ethnic group of present-day western China/
Zhòu /surname Zhou/
紂辛 纣辛 Zhòu Xīn /Zhou Xin (c. 11th century BC), last emperor of the of Shang Dynasty/
美玲 Měi líng /Meiling (female name)/Zhou Meiling 周美玲[Zhou1 Mei3 ling2] (1969-), Taiwanese gay film director/
jīng /chaste tree or berry (Vitex agnus-castus)/alternative name for the Zhou Dynasty State of Chu 楚國|楚国[Chu3 Guo2]/
/Zhou Dynasty vassal state in modern day Shandong Province/
薑子牙 姜子牙 Jiāng Zǐ yá /Jiang Ziya (c. 1100 BC, dates of birth and death unknown), partly mythical sage advisor to King Wen of Zhou周文王[Zhou1 Wen2 Wang2] and purported author of “Six Secret Strategic Teachings” 六韜|六韬[Liu4 Tao1], one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书[Wu3 jing1 Qi1 Shu1]/
Xuē /surname Xue/vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)/
Guó /Guo, a kinship group whose members held dukedoms within the Zhou Dynasty realm, including Western Guo 西虢國|西虢国 and Eastern Guo 東虢國|东虢国/surname Guo/
Wèi /surname Wei/vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1066-221 BC), located in present day Henan and Hebei Provinces/
衛國 卫国 Wèi guó /state of Wei (c. 1040-209 BC), vassal of Zhou/
西周 Xī Zhōu /Western Zhou (1027-771 BC)/
西戎 Xī róng /the Xirong, an ancient ethnic group of Western China from the Zhou Dynasty onwards/Xionites (Central Asian nomads)/
諸侯 诸侯 zhū hóu /feudal vassal/feudal princes, esp. the monarchs (dukes or princes) of the several vassal states 諸侯國|诸侯国 of Zhou during Western Zhou and Spring and Autumn periods 11th-5th century BC/subordinate warlord/local official/
辟雍 Bì yōng /central of the five Zhou dynasty royal academies/
Chéng /surname Cheng/Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BCE) vassal state/
Zōu /surname Zou/vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC) in the southeast of Shandong Province/
/surname Xu/vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-221 BC)/
鄧穎超 邓颖超 Dèng Yǐng chāo /Deng Yingchao (1904-1992), Chinese communist leader, wife of Zhou Enlai 周恩來|周恩来/
Zéng /surname Zeng/Zhou vassal state/
Fēng /Zhou Dynasty capital/surname Feng/
鎬京 镐京 Hào jīng /Haojing (in modern Shaanxi, northwest of Chang'an county), capital of Western Zhou from c. 1050 BC/
Kuí /surname Kui/Zhou Dynasty vassal state/
雅樂 雅乐 yǎ yuè /formal ceremonial music of each succeeding Chinese dynasty starting with the Zhou/Korean a'ak/Japanese gagaku/
饕餮 tāo tiè /ferocious mythological animal, the fifth son of the dragon king/zoomorphic mask motif, found on Shang and Zhou ritual bronzes/gluttonous/sumptuous (banquet)/
Wèi /surname Wei/name of vassal state of Zhou dynasty from 661 BC in Shanxi, one of the Seven Hero Warring States/Wei state, founded by Cao Cao 曹操, one of the Three Kingdoms from the fall of the Han/the Wei dynasty 221-265/Wei prefecture and Wei county at different historical periods/
/surname Lu/Shandong Province 山東省|山东省[Shan1 dong1 Sheng3]/vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1066-221 BC) in modern day Shandong Province/
齊國 齐国 Qí guó /Qi state of Western Zhou and the Warring states (1122-265 BC), centered in Shandong/

88 entries found.

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